Cyanea capillata

Cyanea capillata

Languages: English

Overview

Comprehensive Description

The lion's mane jellyfish is one of the largest species of jellyfish. One specimen that was found was 2.3 m in diameter and its tentacles were 36.5 m in length (Lion's mane jellyfish). There are as many as 150 long tentacles that are present beneath each of the eight lobes (Lion's mane jellyfish- Cyanea capillata).

  • Color- vivid yellow, orange, and sometimes appears to be a red color.
  • Size- can reach to be a diameter of 2 meters (Lion's Mane Jellyfish).

 

Author(s): LaPenna, Tara
Rights holder(s): LaPenna, Tara

Ecology and Distribution

Distribution

Arctic, northern European, North American Atlantic and Pacific, southern Australian, and waters (Lion's mane jellyfish- Cyanea capillata).

 

 

Author(s): LaPenna, Tara
Rights holder(s): LaPenna, Tara

Habitat

This type of jellyfish is a coldwater species, it cannot cope in warm water (Lion's mane jellyfish). The medusae prefer cool temperatures below 70 degrees.

Author(s): LaPenna, Tara
Rights holder(s): LaPenna, Tara

Life Cycle

"They possess a benthic polyp stage (larva) which reproduces asexually to give rise to ephyrae; these grow into dioecious, planktonic medusae (adults) that produce planulae (motile stereogastrulae), and the latter settle to the benthos to form polyps, completing the cycle "(Brewer).

 

Author(s): LaPenna, Tara
Rights holder(s): LaPenna, Tara

Reproduction

Cyanea capillata can sexually reproduce during the medusa stage and can asexually reproduce during the polyp stage (Lion's mane jellyfish).

Author(s): LaPenna, Tara
Rights holder(s): LaPenna, Tara

Trophic Strategy

Feeds on zooplankton, small fish, ctenophores, and moon jellies (Lion's mane jellyfish). Their long tentacles capture large prey and bring them into their oral arms, where they are then enveloped and digested (Lion's mane jellyfish- Cyanea capillata).

Author(s): LaPenna, Tara
Rights holder(s): LaPenna, Tara

References

[Anonymous] (2010).  Lion''s Mane Jellyfish. The Marine Fauna Gallery of Norway. 2010,
[Anonymous] (2010).  Lion's mane jellyfish - Cyanea capillata. 2010,
[Anonymous] (2010).  Lion's mane jellyfish. Wikipedia. 2010,
Brewer, R. H. (1989).  The Annual Pattern of Feeding, Growth, and Sexual Reproduction in Cyanea (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa) in the Niantic River Estuary, Connecticut. Biol Bull. 176,